The number of women suffering from depression is twice that of men. Statistics reveal that at least 12 million women suffer from depression at one point in their lives. In the United States, reports reveal that 30% of all women suffer from symptoms of depression. Despite the fact the number of men and women suffering from bipolar disorder is equal, women are prone to more depressive episodes. This has been attributed to the hormonal reproduction and changes in women. Some of the factors that contribute to depression in women include the following:
1. Hormonal Fluctuations
Women experience different hormonal fluctuations during different stages of their lives. These changes may occur during puberty, menstrual periods, pregnancy, menopause etc. Hormonal changes might result in production of different chemicals in the brain. This may result in changes in emotions or mood swings which might trigger depression.
2. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Women experience PMS every month during menstrual periods. In some cases, women go through PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder) where women become depressed right before their periods. The reason behind this has not been discovered yet but most women are usually more sensitive during their menstrual period.
3. Pregnancy Or Childbirth
After giving birth, most women experience postpartum depression. This may occur due to pregnancy hormonal changes and physical changes after giving birth which results in overwhelming responsibility of taking care of a newborn.
4. Reaction To Traumatic Events
After losing a loved one, a tough breakup or traumatic situation in a womanís life, itís likely to experience a depressive episode. Women are more susceptible to stress after such events which may trigger depression.
5. Ruminative Thinking
Most women go into detail thinking about their current distressful situation and the causes which is referred to as ruminative thinking which may cause depression.
6. Birth Control Pills
Women often try out different birth control methods which increase the progesterone levels in the body. With high levels of progesterone in the body, the individual is more susceptible to depression.
There are the leading causes of depression in women which is different from men. In some cases, such as postpartum depression, women require companionship and help during the depressive episodes.